Series and Parallel Circuits

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Components that are connected one after another on the same loop of the circuit are said to be connected in .
The circuit diagram shows a circuit with two lamps connected in series. If one lamp breaks, the other will not light.
The current that flows through each component connected in series is the .
The current leaving the battery is 2 amps. Therefore the current that flows through lamp 1 is amps, and the current flowing through lamp 2 is amps.

Components that are connected on separate loops are connected in .
The circuit diagram shows a circuit with two lamps connected in parallel. If one lamp breaks, the other lamp will still .
The current is shared between each component connected in .
The current leaving the battery is 3 amps. Therefore the current flowing through lamp 3 is amps, and the current flowing through lamp 4 is amps.

[Note that all four lamps are similar]